SCHOOL CHRONICLE 2019/1-2
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School Chronicle / Instructions to contributors
SCHOOL CHRONICLE / Journal of the History of Schooling and Education.
Bulletin of the Slovenian School Museum. Ljubljana. Slovenia.
Year 2019 number 1-2
Volume 28 - LII
ARTICLES AND OTHER CONTRIBUTIONS
Damir Globočnik: The monument to Valentin Vodnik in Ljubljana – the first Slovenian national monument ...7–23
Renato Podbersič: Izobraževanje Judov v Gorici od začetkov do sredine 20. stoletja ...24–39
Education of Jews in Gorica/Gorizia from the early to mid-20th century
Monika Govekar-Okoliš: Comparison of Teacher Education in Slovenian lands in Austro-Hungary...40–64
Ana Šmidhofer: Traces of French personalism in the Slovenian pedagogical ideas between the two world wars...65–79
Tatjana Hojan: The reporting in the Slovenian pedagogical press about the strikes between 1918 and 1941...80–92
Aleksandra Pirkmajer Slokan: Latin in the Slovenian state primary school – A comparison of the first decade of the full nine-year primary school (2008-2018) with the previous decade, and the school year 2018/2019 ...93–119
Adnan Tufekčić: Historical-Pedagogical Overview of the Development of School System and Education in Srebrenik Area in North-East Bosnia ...120–147
Staša Ivanec: Basic documents aimed at helping history teachers in their work with pupils with learning disabilities in primary school...148–169
Tatjana Hojan: Primary schools – 200 ...170–175
Tatjana Hojan: Josip Gruden – 150 ...175–176
Tatjana Hojan: Alfonz Levičnik – 150 ...176
Tatjana Hojan: Josip Novak – 150 ...176–177
Anton Arko: Josip Pipenbacher – 150 ...177
Tatjana Hojan: Our journals on the Death of Vodnik - 100 ...178–181
Tatjana Hojan: Slovenian University of Ljubljana - 100 ...181–182
Melita Franko: One hundred years of Murska Sobota High School - "school for all people"...182–187
Roman Činč: Murska Sobota High School today …188
Zdenko Medveš: Janez Sagadin - 90 ...189–196
Stane Okoliš: The Slovenian School Museum in 2018 ...197–242
BITS AND PIECES FROM PAST SCHOOL TIMES
From Konjice ...243
REPORTS AND REVIEWS
Branko Šuštar: Difficult Issues - ICOM Germany and ICOM Nord conference in Helsingborg, Sweden, September 21-23, 2017...245–255
Branko Šuštar: "School museums and digitalization. Challenges for school museums and
history of education in a time of globalization and digitalization”, The 18th symposium on School Museums and History of Education Collections, Copenhagen 2019...256–273
Marjetka Balkovec Debevec: The Sun in the Middle of Bučka: Miscellany of the 160th Anniversary of Education at Bučka: 1858–2018 ...274–277
Simon Malmenvall: Lojze Cvikl (ur.). Il padre: servire nel nascondimento: Maksimilijan Žitnik ...278–279
LIST OF CONTRIBUTORS of Šolska kronika št. 1-2, 28/LII, 2019...281
LIST OF CONTRIBUTORS of Šolska kronika št. 1-2, 28/LII, 2019...282
INSTRUCTIONS TO CONTRIBUTORS ...283–284
Summaries and Abstracts / ŠK 2019 št. 1-2
Damir Globočnik: The monument to Valentin Vodnik in Ljubljana – the first Slovenian national monument
The monument to the poet, journalist, teacher and linguist Valentin Vodnik in Ljubljana is the first Slovenian national monument. The initial idea of erecting a monument to Vodnik appeared in 1857. On 2 February 1858 (on the centenary of Vodnik’s birth) a memorial plaque was festively unveiled at Vodnik’s birthplace in the Šša suburb of Ljubljana. It took 30 years to collect the money for a monument in Ljubljana. The monument was finally created by the young sculptor Alojzij Gangl (1859-1935) and unveiled on 30 June 1889, as part of the three-day celebrations in Vodnik’s honour, in front of the Ljubljana lyceum, in the presence of national societies and over 10,000 people.
Key words: Valentin Vodnik, public monuments, monumental sculpture, Alojzij Gangl
Renato Podbersič: Education of Jews in Gorica/Gorizia from the early to mid-20th century
The article talks about the education of Jews in Gorica/Gorizia, from the first Jewish school in the 18th century until World War Two, which signified the last blow to their organised schooling. On the basis of sources and literature, the article shows the development of Jewish schooling in this town by the Soča River, their inclusion in the town schools and the important personalities who participated in Jewish education. The latter involves mainly two rabbis from the Reggio family, who left an important mark on Jewish education in Gorizia in the first half of the 19th century. The article includes two state frameworks: the Austrian one until the end of World War One (1918) and the Italian one after the inclusion of Gorica/Gorizia, following the war.
Key words: Jews in the Gorica/Gorizia area, education of Jews, Jewish schooling, yeshiva
Monika Govekar-Okoliš: Comparison of Teacher Education in Slovenian lands in Austro-Hungary
The article deals with the comparison of education of primary school teachers in the Slovenian lands of the Habsburg monarchy (1867-1914) through legislation and the organization of teachers' colleges. The research involves historical comparative analysis. With the emergence of the dualist Habsburg monarchy, there were major changes in the field of teacher education, determined on the basis of school legislation. Teachers became state employees. New state teachers’ colleges and private ones with public accreditation appeared, separated by gender, some lasting three and some four-years. Analysis of the legislation showed differences between the syllabuses of teachers’ colleges by gender. A comparison of their activities in Slovenian lands also shows differences in the development, number and organisation of teachers’ colleges. Most of the teachers’ colleges started their work after 1869 and lasted four-years in the 1870s. The differences were in the number of state and private teachers’ colleges and the number of teachers by gender. It was found that there were more state schools as private teachers’ colleges and more women than male teachers’ colleges. A greater number of women teachers point to the possibility of increasing the employment of women in the teaching profession in Slovenian lands.
Key words: Austrian school legislation, differences in teacher education, teachers' colleges, Slovenian lands in Austro-Hungary
Ana Šmidhofer: Traces of French personalism in the Slovenian pedagogical ideas between the two world wars
Traces of French personalism in the Slovenian pedagogical ideas between the two world wars Prior to World War One, Slovenian culture was mostly based on Austrian and German cultures, whilst after the war there was a cultural reorientation, which also affected education. Between the two wars, French influence appeared in education and culture in general, together with French personalism. The article’s introduction shows how the ideas of French personalism appeared in Slovenia. This is followed by focusing on the authors (Jakob Šlar, Stanko Cajnkar and Stanko Gogala), who emphasised these ideas in their pedagogical activities. The article seeks to find traces of French personalism in their ideas by comparing them with a number of the pedagogical ideas of Jacques Maritain, who introduced the concepts of French personalism into the educational field.
Key words: French personalism, education, (1919–1941), Slovenia
Tatjana Hojan: The reporting in the Slovenian pedagogical press about the strikes between 1918 and 1941
The article describes what the pedagogical newspapers Učiteljski tovariš, Slovenski učitelj, Učiteljski list and Popotnik wrote between 1918 and 1941 about strikes involving teachers at various levels, students, parents and other professions in Slovenia and abroad. Frequently, strikes were only threatened, but sometimes also carried out. Most often, the authorities listened to the strikers’ demands and fulfilled them. The article is a chronological continuation of the one published in the previous issue.
Key words: strikes, teachers, students, parents
Aleksandra Pirkmajer Slokan: Latin in the Slovenian state primary school – A comparison of the first decade of the full nine-year primary school (2008-2018) with the previous decade, and the school year 2018/2019
The article is a follow-up to the article An overview of Latin lessons in the Slovenian state primary school (1958-2016), published in this journal in two parts in 2016 and 2017, which also offered an overview of the school year 2016/2017. The aim of the article is threefold: firstly, to round off, with the school year 2017/2018, the six decades of primary school lessons in Latin (1958-2018); secondly, through a comparison of the last two decades (1998-2008 and 2008-2018), marked by the abolition of eight-year primary school and the introduction of a nine-year programme, to throw light on the collapse brought about by the new norms; and thirdly, to look into the future with the school year 2018/2019. The latter is the chief goal of this article and the whole overview: through documenting more or less everything that can be collected and known about Latin lessons in state primary school in Slovenia to encourage an evaluation that can point to a reliable way forward.
Key words: state nine-year primary school, early humanities programme, four-year Latin programme, general education elective subjects with antique content
Adnan Tufekčić: Historisch-pädagogischer Überblick über die Entwicklung des Schulsystems und der Bildung in Srebrenik im Nordost Bosnien
The article represents the results which have been obtained through repeated and expanded earlier research on the development of school system in Srebrenik Municipality in North-East Bosnia (from 2001), and which was conducted in the last three years. In this research, the basic historical-pedagogical methodology has been employed, along with that of microhistory. Accordingly, an analysis of the historical and pedagogical documentation related to the focal issues of the research, and the method of qualitative field research with intensive in-depth interviews, have been used. In this manner, beside the data related to historical facts, some data from life history, related to the subject of research and persons who have been participants in these processes, were collected. Thereby, the main determinants of the development of the school system and education in the Srebrenik area in North-East Bosnia have been shown through various historical periods (the Ottoman, Austro- Hungarian, Kingdom of Yugoslavia and the former Yugoslavia).
Key Words: historical-pedagogical overview, school system, education, Srebrenik, Bosnia
Staša Ivanec: Basic documents aimed at helping history teachers in their work with pupils with learning disabilities in primary school
The article chronologically presents the documents aimed at helping history teachers in their work with pupils with learning disabilities: legislation and programmatic documents, the history curriculum, textbooks
and manuals (methodical manuals for teaching history; manuals with guidelines for working with pupils with learning difficulties, regardless of the subject; collections of papers with examples of good teaching practices). The empirical part of the article refers to a chosen section of a two-part pedagogical study, in which descriptive and causal nonexperimental methods were used and which involved history teachers: an online survey from the period between June and mid-July 2014, and semi-structured interviews carried out between January and February 2015. The survey results show that history teachers are familiar with and take into account the basic national documents that offer a foundation for working with pupils with learning difficulties. The interviews show that history teachers adhere to the curriculum for history, which constitutes the framework of their activities, but at the forefront of their endeavours and decisions are pupils with learning difficulties. These two facts also point to the establishment of a modern integrational school policy
in Slovenian primary schools.
Key words: history lessons, pupils with learning difficulties, legislation and documents, curriculum, textbooks and manuals
School Chronicle – Journal of the History of Schooling and Education. Bulletin of the Slovenian
School Museum. Ljubljana (Slovenia) is a Slovenian scientific and professional publication
concerned with schooling, pedagogy and education. Since 1992 it has been independently
issued by the Slovenian School Museum in Ljubljana. The Miscellany has developed from a joint
publication of the school-pedagogical museums in Ljubljana, Zagreb in Belgrade, which began
to be published in 1964 under the title of A Miscellany of the History of Schooling and Education.