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School Chronicle / Instructions to contributors





 Editorial Board: Marjetka Balkovec Debevec, dr. Teodor Domej (Austria), dr. Darko Friš, Ksenija Guzej, Tatjana Hojan (Proofreading), dr. Zdenko Medveš, mag. Stane Okoliš (Editor-in-Charge), Slavica Pavlič, dr. Mojca Peček Čuk, dr. Leopoldina Plut Pregelj (USA), Mateja Ribarič, mag. Branko Šuštar ( Responsible person of the publisher), mag. Mladen Tancer, dr. Andrej Vovko.

The articles have been reviewed by the Editorial Board. The authors are solely responsible for the content of their articles. No part of this publication may be reproduced without the publisher’s prior consent and a full mention of the source.

© Slovenski šolski muzej / Slovenian School Museum, Ljubljana

The editing of this issue was completed on 15 November 2004.

Translation: Veronika Pušnik (English),
Marinka Krenker (German)
Language-editing: Murray Bales (English)
Typesetting: Maja Košćak
UDC: Martin Grum

Editorial and administrative office: Slovenski šolski muzej, Plečnikov trg 1, SI-1000 Ljubljana, Slovenija;
Phone, Fax: ++386 01 25 13 024


Bank account: 01100-6030720893

Co-financed by: The Ministry of Education, Science and Sport of the Republic of Slovenia
Publisher: Slovenian School Museum
 Cover design: Sloway

Design and computer typesetting: Uroš Čuden, Medit d.o.o.
Printed by: Littera picta d.o.o., Ljubljana, 2004
 Number of copies: 800 izvodov


Šolska kronika - zbornik za zgodovino šolstva in vzgoje je od letnika 11 / XXXV, št. 1 / 2002 indeksirana pri INIST - CNRS (Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique du Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique), Francija.

Glasilo Slovenskega šolskega muzeja, Ljubljana

Leto 2004 - številka 2
Letnik 13 - XXXVII
School Chronicle The Miscellany for the History of Schooling and Education.
Bulletin of the Slovenian School Museum. Ljubljana. Slovenia.




Jurij the pupil and Vega the teacher
The significance of schoolbooks and textbooks for Slovenians’ national
identity in the second half of the 19th century

The first Slovenian handbooks and textbooks for classical languages (1864-1886)
Teachers Cooperative in Rogaška Slatina

Discussion of refugee education in Slovenian history

Introduction into a discussion on refugee education in Slovenian history,
Slovenian School Museum, 23 October 2003

Slovenian refugee education during WWI

Gvido Stres: Slovenian refugee education in the territory of Austria during WWI
Kajetan Gantar: Reminiscences of the refugee Gymnasium in Lienz and Peggez
Jaka Okorn: Memories of my early school years as a refugee between and after the war
Rozina Švent: Slovenian schoolbooks in refugee camps in Austria between 1945 and 1948
Gorazd Bajc: The reconstruction of Slovenian schools in Trieste after WWII
and political emigrants from Slovenia



Franc Kukovica: Memories of 35 years of teaching and other events in bilingual schools in Carinthia,

Judita Vodopivec: Memories of the school museum in Ledina



Mladen Tancer: Prof. Franček Lasbaher - a teacher and researcher of schools in the Koroška region
Ivan Nemanič: The 150th anniversary of the birth of teacher Jurij Režek (1854-1942)



Nada Lindič (1922-2004) ...369-370



Marjetka Balkovec - Debevec: Autumn anniversary conversations in the Slovenian School Museum
Mateja Ribarič: Exhibition on refugee education in the 20th century - for our refugees abroad
and other refugees in our country

Marjetka Balkovec - Debevec:The Slovenian School Museum hosted the “Good Toy” exhibition of the
Museum of Recent History, 25 May - 3 November 2004
Bronica Gologranc Zakonjšek: Do you know what a Good Toy is?
Marjetka Balkovec - Debevec: Presentation of a book on Bela Krajina folk tales, “You Cannot Make a Story Just Like That”, Slovenian School Museum, 19 April 2004


Stanko Šimenc: Med politiko in stroko (Tatjana Hojan) ...389-390
Zdenka Golub, Metka Gumilar, Alenka Kutnjak: Skupaj odkrivamo zimske radosti:
zimska šola v naravi (Tjaša Obal) ...390-391
Anali za povjest odgoja, Vol. 2, Školstvo u XX. Stolječu
(Marjetka Balkovec Debevec) ...391-392
Kastelic, A. Mikulan, M.: Mladostnik in droga: priročnik za starše in učitelje
(Tjaša Obal) ...392-394
Marija Barbara Soko, Rafael Krvina: 110 let šolstva na Vrhu Sv. Treh Kraljev
(Marjetka Balkovec Debevec) ...394-396
Letopis Ljubljanskega kolegija Družbe Jezusove (1596-1691):
Historia annua Collegii Societatis Iesu Labacensis (Stane Okoliš) ...396-397


Instructions to contributors

List of authors

UDK 37(091):929 Vega J.
1.01 Izvirni znanstveni članek
Prejeto: 7. 06. 2004

Stanislav Južnič

Jurij the pupil and Vega the teacher

Jurij Vega studied military and other sciences in Ljubljana. We have identified military experts who participated in Vega’s day in the teaching process at the Jesuit schools in Ljubljana. In the article, we demonstrate that Vega used their textbooks when later writing his own scholarly books in Vienna. We also deal with two military textbooks by Rieger, the then Dean in Ljubljana, and Kaschuttnigg, a Slovenian from the Austrian province of Carinthia, and compare them with Vega’s later lectures.

UDK 371.67:94(497.4)”18”
1.01 Izvirni znanstveni članek
Prejeto: 28. 06. 2004

Monika Govekar Okoliš*

The significance of schoolbooks and textbooks for Slovenians’ national identity in the second half of the 19th century

The article describes the value of Slovenian schoolbooks and textbooks in strengthening the national identity of Slovenians in the second half of the 19th century. At that time, schools in Slovenia formed part of the Austrian school system. The language of instruction was German, they used German schoolbooks and textbooks and had German teachers. The article further outlines the efforts of the then intellectuals, nationally conscious Slovenian teachers, professors and other professionals in writing and publishing Slovenian schoolbooks and textbooks for primary and secondary schools. Their efforts were immense as they were led by the belief that the Slovenian nation could only develop and preserve its identity, culture, language and writing if the language of instruction in schools were Slovenian and textbooks were written in the Slovenian language. Slovenian books and textbooks were an important educational tool for teaching in the Slovenian language and for developing the national identity. The path to accomplishing this, however, was not easy.


UDK 811.12+811.14:371.67(497.4)”1864/1886”
1.01 Izvirni znanstveni članek
Prejeto: 13. 09. 2004

Matej Hriberšek*

The first Slovenian handbooks and textbooks for classical languages (1864-1886)


Despite the many troubles encountered by Slovenian teachers of classical languages after the reform of Austrian schools in 1849, they began to prepare the first Slovenian handbooks for classical languages in the late 1860s. Initiatives for their preparation emerged from Slovenian intellectual circles (Bleiweis, Nečasek, Macun, Lesar, Svetec), while the first concrete steps were taken by the ‘Slovenska matica’ literary society that was established in 1864. The first attempts by Slovenian scholars to publish Slovenian textbooks for Latin and Greek either failed or for various reasons the authors did not finish their works (e.g. Klodič, Pajk, Vodušek). The first Slovenian textbook for classical languages appeared in 1874 (Latin Grammar for Slovenian Youth by Ladislav Hrovat), i.e. more than 10 years after he began working on it.

UDK 371.124:061(497.4 Rogaška Slatina)
1.01 Izvirni znanstveni članek
Prejeto: 28. 05. 2004

Tatjana Hojan*

Teachers Cooperative in Rogaška Slatina

The article deals with a teachers' cooperative, Teachers Health Resort, in Rogaška Slatina, founded by the teachers‘ organisation in 1920. The cooperative had around 170 members. After the war the resort was taken over by the Teachers‘ Federation of Yugoslavia, and operated under its management between 1947 and 1954. Owing to insufficient visits and high operating costs, the Federation leased it to the municipality of Rogaška Slatina which then turned it into private housing units.


UDK 376.685:94(497.4)
1.20 Predgovor spremna beseda
Prejeto: 7. 10. 2004

Branko Šuštar*

Introduction into a discussion on refugee education in Slovenian history, Slovenian School Museum, 23 October 2003

At the close of the exhibition ‘Refugee Education in the 20th century’ the Slovenian School Museum prepared a discussion on refugee education at which we discussed Slovenian experiences during WWI (Dr. Petra Svoljšak, Gvido Stres), shed some light on WWII (Metka Rozman) and then focused on post - WWII periods (academician Dr. Kajetan Gantar, Jaka Okorn, Dr. Gorazd Bajc).

UDK 376.685”1914/1918”
1.01 Izvirni znanstveni članek
Prejeto: 5. 2. 2004

Petra Svoljšak*

Slovenian refugee education during WWI

The paper deals with the organisation of schools for refugees in WWI, especially Slovenian refugees in Italy and Austria-Hungary. In Italy, Slovenian refugee children did not enjoy organised school lessons while in Slovenian territory occupied by Italian forces, i.e. on the right bank of the front line, the Italian authorities organised Italian schools, with Italian as the language of instruction and where subjects were taught in Italian. Slovenian children had to attend these classes up until the retreat of the Italian army in October 1917. In Austria-Hungary, refugees who stayed in Slovenian provinces attended either regular schools or so-called ‘employment courses’. In refugee camps, training at all levels of education was organised.

UDK 376.685(436):371.67
1.01 Izvirni znanstveni članek
Prejeto: 7. 6. 2004

Rozina Švent*

Slovenian schoolbooks in refugee camps in Austria between 1945 and 1948

When Slovenian schools were organised in refugee camps, the need for textbooks appeared immediately. As it was impossible to buy them in Austria, and - due to the closed border - it was equally impossible to get them from Yugoslavia/Slovenia, teachers and other education professionals were forced to write textbooks on their own, with their contents very much adapted to the needs of the improvising refugee schools. As there were many school-going children in the camp - including those who did not have the opportunity to attend school classes during the war - the authors of these handbooks considered this in their works and paid more attention to repeating and consolidating the topics learned.


UDK 373.15(450.361=163.6):325.2
1.01 Izvirni znanstveni članek
Prejeto: 10. 8. 2004

Gorazd Bajc*

The reconstruction of Slovenian schools in Trieste after WWII and political emigrants from Slovenia

The author first presents the reconstruction of Slovenian schools after WWII in the Trieste region and how this was affected by the post-war international political context - the emergence of the Cold War. It further describes how the pro-Yugoslav group criticised the Anglo-American military administration and Slovenian political emigrants who accepted the rules of the new administration run by the Allies. The climax of the already strained situation was the conviction of the educational advisor to the Allies, Dr. Srečko Baraga. Finally, the author mentions the most significant teachers - political emigrants and their contributions to the reconstruction of Slovenian schools in Trieste.

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