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 Editorial Board: Marjetka Balkovec Debevec (Editor-in-Charge), dr. Teodor Domej (Austria), dr. Darko Friš, Ksenija Guzej (Tehnical Editor), Tatjana Hojan (Proofreading), dr. Zdenko Medveš, mag. Stane Okoliš, Slavica Pavlič, dr. Mojca Peček Čuk, dr. Leopoldina Plut Pregelj (USA), Mateja Ribarič, mag. Branko Šuštar (Responsible person of the publisher), mag. Mladen Tancer, dr. Andrej Vovko.

The articles have been reviewed by the Editorial Board. The authors are solely responsible for the content of their articles. No part of this publication may be reproduced without the publisher’s prior consent and a full mention of the source.


© Slovenski šolski muzej / Slovenian School Museum, Ljubljana

The editing of this issue was completed on 15 June 2003.

Translation: Veronika Pušnik (English),

Marinka Krenker (German)

Language-editing: Murray Bales (English)

UDC: Martin Grum

Editorial and administrative office: Slovenski šolski muzej, Plečnikov trg 1, SI-1000 Ljubljana, Slovenija;

Phone, Fax: ++386 01 25 13 024


Bank account: 01100-6030720893

Co-financed by: The Ministry of Education, Science and Sport of the Republic of Slovenia

Publisher: Slovenian School Museum

Cover design: Sloway

Design and computer typesetting: Uroš Čuden, Medit d.o.o.

Printed by: Littera picta d.o.o., Ljubljana, 2003

Number of copies: 800


Glasilo Slovenskega šolskega muzeja, Ljubljana

Leto 2003 - številka 1
Letnik 12 - XXXVI
School Chronicle

The Miscellany for the History of Schooling and Education.
Bulletin of the Slovenian School Museum. Ljubljana. Slovenia.

  • By way of introduction - about the editors, publication activity and
    the financing of the School Chronicle
  • Edvard Protner: “Pedagogy” by Dr. Ivan Ahčin - a previously unknown educational work
    by a Slovenian author in the post-WWII period
  • Ernesta Drole: Italian school buildings from the period between the two World Wars
    in Northern Primorska
  • Božo Otorepec: Ulrik, the teacher from Kamnik (1296-1312)
  • Veronika Bartolj: Franc Hauptman’s old methods of learning physics
  • Tatjana Hojan: Josip Marn and the Teachers’ Friend
  • Slavica Pavlič: School Anniversaries in 2004
  • Marjetka Balkovec Debevec: The teacher Vida Uršič turning 100
  • Branko Šuštar: Report on the work of the Slovenian School Museum in 2002
  • Ksenija Guzej: Visit to the Bergisch Gladbach School Museum in Germany
  • (Tatjana Hojan) Children and tobacco
  • (Tatjana Hojan)About the Razdrto school
  • (Milan Škrabec) Following the trail of an old photograph: The Rusian school
    at the Ponoviče and Hrastovec castle
  • Franjo Emanuel Hoško: Franjevačke visoke škole u kontinentalnoj
    Hrvatskoj (Branko Šuštar) …133-134
  • Jasminka Ledić: Dnevnik Mladena Lokara: Uvod u povjest djetinjstva i
    mladosti (Igor Radeka) …134-138
  • Marija Čmak: Lepa učiteljica (Tatjana Hojan) …138-139
  • Sabina Ž. Žnidaršič: Ora et labora - in molči, ženska! (Branko Šuštar) …139-140
  • Angela Fujs: Šolska pot (Tatjana Hojan) …140-141
    Irena Destovnik: Moč šibkih. Ženske v času kmečkega gospodarjenja
    (Marjetka Balkovec Debevec) …141-142
  • Koroški koledar 2001. Dvojezično šolstvo na Koroškem
    (Marjetka Balkovec Debevec) …142-143
  • Izseljenec: življenjske zgodbe Slovencev po svetu; Aleksej Kalc
    s sodelavci, Poti in usode: selitvene izkušnje Slovencev
    z zahodne meje (Branko Šuštar) …143-144
  • Edvard Protner (ur.): Delo in pedagoški nazori Henrika
    Schreinerja (Andrej Vovko) …144-146
  • (Franc Kuzmič) …147-174
    Bibliography of schooling in the Prekmurje region
    Instructions to contributors …174
  • Edvard Protner*

    “Pedagogy” by Dr. Ivan Ahčin - a previously unknown educational work by a Slovenian author

    In autumn 2001, a hard-cover typescript by Dr. Ivan Ahčin entitled “Pedagogika” (Pedagogy) and bearing the years 1945-1947 was found by coincidence in the sales room of the Slovenian Society of Bibliophily in Ljubljana. The typescript is a collection of study materials for students of theology who had emigrated to Italy after WWII and continued their studies there. Up until today, Ahčin has not been known as an author of school books but as one of the leading agents in the Slovenian Catholic political movement. The first part of the article thus presents the clashing ideas found within the Catholic intellectuals’ camp between the two World Wars. Ahčin can be positioned among the advocates of “combative Catholicism”, consistently following the principles of “Catholic Action” as announced in the Papal encyclical Quadragesimo anno in 1931. The second part describes those sections of his work “Pedagogy” which illustrate his anti-communist views.

    Ernesta Drole*

    Italian school buildings from the period between the two World Wars in Northern Primorska

    The article deals with school buildings constructed under the Italian government between the two World Wars in the region which is today covered by the Nova Gorica branch of the Institute for the Protection of Cultural Heritage of Slovenia. They represent an important part of building heritage not only because of their architecture, but also because of the anti-Slovenian role they played during the rise of Fascism in the Primorska region. The article was written on the basis of a topography of school buildings prepared by the Nova Gorica branch of the Institute for the Protection of Cultural Heritage, based on sources kept in the Regional Archives in Nova Gorica (the sections “School supervision in the Tolmin region” and “National technical office in Trieste”), as well as on the basis of the documentation on primary schools kept at the Slovenian School Museum.

    Božo Otorepec*

    Ulrik, teacher from Kamnik (1296-1312)

    The author presents the life of the priest and teacher Ulrik. He was a priest in Gorje and later in Kamnik, to then become the archdeacon of Kranjska and Marka. Ulrik is mentioned in written sources as the ‘schuelmaister’, ‘scolasticus Stainensis’ and ‘magistro’, who for his faithful ‘litteraum scientiam’ service was sent to the Kamnik parish in 1311. Only one of Ulrich’s seals is preserved, on a document from 1297, showing the issuer sitting on a bench with a pointed cap on his head and holding an open book in his hands. His image of the teacher with the book is one of the oldest images of its type in Slovenian territory.

    Veronika Bartolj*

    Franc Hauptman’s methods of learning physics

    The work is fully embedded in Hauptman’s strong belief that children should be trained in thinking and reasoning. For his time, this idea was quite revolutionary for children were only required to produce knowledge consisting of mere facts - which means learning by heart…
    All laws should as much as possible be substantiated with examples from everyday life. Physics should not be locked away in laboratories. Sometimes we try so hard to explain individual parts we simply overlook the whole or the essence. Physics is and must remain the science of nature…

    Tatjana Hojan*

    Josip Marn and the Teachers’ Friend

    Josip Marn published contributions in the Teachers’ Friend journal from 1863 until his death in 1893. He was one of the main contributors to this publication and co-operated very well with the then three editors. Most important was his series of discussion papers called “The Smooth-Tongued” which, in addition to linguistic subjects, also covered in detail the work of Slovenian poets and writers.

    Slavica Pavlič*

    School anniversaries in 2004


    With short notices the School Chronicle continues to present major school anniversaries based on data collected in ‘school files’ and the documentation of the School Museum. With this, we want to encourage schools to celebrate their anniversaries and research their past.


    Franc Kuzmič*

    Bibliography of schooling in the Prekmurje region


    Research interest in schooling in the Prekmurje region has been growing due to the special features of this part of Slovenia. Prekmurje remained covered by the Hungarian administration and legislation for a whole millennium and thus differs in many ways from other regions in Slovenia.
    The first fairly comprehensive work on the education system in Prekmurje is a book by M. Kokolj and B. Horvat, Schools in Prekmurje (1977). Research into this topic should continue, however. The present bibliography, embracing the alphabetical word order of authors and the titles of their contributions, covers the majority of materials stemming from the period between the two world wars.

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