In autumn 2001, a hard-cover typescript by Dr. Ivan Ahčin entitled “Pedagogika” (Pedagogy) and bearing the years 1945-1947 was found by coincidence in the sales room of the Slovenian Society of Bibliophily in Ljubljana. The typescript is a collection of study materials for students of theology who had emigrated to Italy after WWII and continued their studies there. Up until today, Ahčin has not been known as an author of school books but as one of the leading agents in the Slovenian Catholic political movement. The first part of the article thus presents the clashing ideas found within the Catholic intellectuals’ camp between the two World Wars. Ahčin can be positioned among the advocates of “combative Catholicism”, consistently following the principles of “Catholic Action” as announced in the Papal encyclical Quadragesimo anno in 1931. The second part describes those sections of his work “Pedagogy” which illustrate his anti-communist views.
Italian school buildings from the period between the two World Wars in Northern Primorska
The article deals with school buildings constructed under the Italian government between the two World Wars in the region which is today covered by the Nova Gorica branch of the Institute for the Protection of Cultural Heritage of Slovenia. They represent an important part of building heritage not only because of their architecture, but also because of the anti-Slovenian role they played during the rise of Fascism in the Primorska region. The article was written on the basis of a topography of school buildings prepared by the Nova Gorica branch of the Institute for the Protection of Cultural Heritage, based on sources kept in the Regional Archives in Nova Gorica (the sections “School supervision in the Tolmin region” and “National technical office in Trieste”), as well as on the basis of the documentation on primary schools kept at the Slovenian School Museum.
Ulrik, teacher from Kamnik (1296-1312)
The author presents the life of the priest and teacher Ulrik. He was a priest in Gorje and later in Kamnik, to then become the archdeacon of Kranjska and Marka. Ulrik is mentioned in written sources as the ‘schuelmaister’, ‘scolasticus Stainensis’ and ‘magistro’, who for his faithful ‘litteraum scientiam’ service was sent to the Kamnik parish in 1311. Only one of Ulrich’s seals is preserved, on a document from 1297, showing the issuer sitting on a bench with a pointed cap on his head and holding an open book in his hands. His image of the teacher with the book is one of the oldest images of its type in Slovenian territory.
Franc Hauptman’s methods of learning physics
The work is fully embedded in Hauptman’s strong belief that children should be trained in thinking and reasoning. For his time, this idea was quite revolutionary for children were only required to produce knowledge consisting of mere facts - which means learning by heart…
All laws should as much as possible be substantiated with examples from everyday life. Physics should not be locked away in laboratories. Sometimes we try so hard to explain individual parts we simply overlook the whole or the essence. Physics is and must remain the science of nature…
Josip Marn and the Teachers’ Friend
Josip Marn published contributions in the Teachers’ Friend journal from 1863 until his death in 1893. He was one of the main contributors to this publication and co-operated very well with the then three editors. Most important was his series of discussion papers called “The Smooth-Tongued” which, in addition to linguistic subjects, also covered in detail the work of Slovenian poets and writers.
School anniversaries in 2004
With short notices the School Chronicle continues to present major school anniversaries based on data collected in ‘school files’ and the documentation of the School Museum. With this, we want to encourage schools to celebrate their anniversaries and research their past.
Bibliography of schooling in the Prekmurje region
Research interest in schooling in the Prekmurje region has been growing due to the special features of this part of Slovenia. Prekmurje remained covered by the Hungarian administration and legislation for a whole millennium and thus differs in many ways from other regions in Slovenia.
The first fairly comprehensive work on the education system in Prekmurje is a book by M. Kokolj and B. Horvat, Schools in Prekmurje (1977). Research into this topic should continue, however. The present bibliography, embracing the alphabetical word order of authors and the titles of their contributions, covers the majority of materials stemming from the period between the two world wars.