SCHOOL CHRONICLE 2018/3
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School Chronicle / Instructions to contributors
SCHOOL CHRONICLE / Journal of the History of Schooling and Education.
Bulletin of the Slovenian School Museum. Ljubljana. Slovenia.
Year 2018 number 3
Volume 27 - LI
ARTICLES AND OTHER CONTRIBUTIONS
- Branko Šuštar: Subsidiary school and its predecessors before 1958 ...7–21
- Marija Počivavšek: Mercantile Technical Education...22–38
- Bogdan Kolar: The contribution of church institutions to the education of young people with difficulties in the early 20th century ...39–60
- Tatjana Hojan: he writing of the Slovenian pedagogical newspapers about strikes until 1918...61-80
- Lidija Rupel: Secondary school education of Slovenians in Trieste during the Austro- Hungarian period and the foundation of the Slovenian grammar school in 1945 ..81–94
- Helena Jaklitsch: Mentality is more important in the quality of education than the conditions; Slovenian schools in the refugee camps in Italy and Austria after World War Two...95–112
- Nevenka Hacin: The influence of the altered role of the economy in the Zasavje region on post-primary education during the post-war period in Yugoslavia...113–132
- Lucija Čok, Salvator Žitko: From the Renaissance Academies to the University of Primorska ...133-164
- Monika Govekar-Okoliš: Educational role and activities of the Slovenian School Museum – Views, experiences and suggestions of university students concerning school lessons from the past in the study years from 2014 to 2018 ...165–186
Vilma Brodnik: Children's testimonies about war in history lessons...187–204
REMINISCENCES OF SCHOOLING
Franc Verovnik: Janko and Mira Gačnik – Carinthian educational-cultural workers and patriots
Marjetka Balkovec Debevec: The character of high school professors At the anniversary of the classmate and drama mentor Bogomira Kure, prof. - 70...214–218
Branko Šuštar, Mateja Ribarič: Feri Kuzmič, a friendly museum and librarian from Murska Sobota, 1952–2018 ...219–223
BITS AND PIECES FROM PAST SCHOOL TIMES /
Secondary school secretaries...224
School for thieves...224
REPORTS AND REVIEWS
Branko Šuštar: Nature and education - an international permanent conference on the history of education, 40 ISCHE, Berlin 2018 ...225–238
Marjetka Balkovec Debevec: Temple of learning in Laporje - gate to the world: 190 years of organized education in Lapor ...239–240
Simon Malmenvall: Vladislav Puzović. Russian paths of Serbian theology. Education of Serbs at Russian spiritual academies 1849–1917. ...241–242
LIST OF CONTRIBUTORS / AUTHORS Šolske kronike št. 3, 27/LI, 2018 /
LIST OF CONTRIBUTORS / CO-WORKERS of School Chronicle št. 3, 27/LI, 2018 ...244
INSTRUCTIONS TO CONTRIBUTORS ...245–246
Summaries and Abstracts / ŠK 2018 št. 3
Branko Šuštar: Subsidiary school and its predecessors before 1958
The article presents, on the basis of legislation, statistical sources and the literature, subsidiarily organised primary schools with combined lessons, known in legislation since 1958 under the name of subsidiary schools. The occasional and extramural forms of education following the school legislation adopted in 1869 had different names and forms of school branches. Nowadays, subsidiary schools are a special and usually pupil-friendly form of primary school. The future of these schools depends mainly on demographic development. The article also points to the rich activities of the Society of Subsidiary School Teachers and the special characteristics of this form of school.
Key words: subsidiarily organised primary schools, combined lessons, Society of Subsidiary School Teachers.
Marija Počivavšek: Mercantile Technical Education
Older Slovenian merchants moved up to a certain level of welfare and reputation mostly with self-education and diligence. It is therefore possible that the Slovenian mercantile circles thought about the importance of education as early as in the mid-19th century, in the era of national awakening. Merchants namely have presented one of the main pillars of bourgeoisie and it was important how educated and civilized they were.
Key words: trade, history, Slovenia, education, mercantile education
Bogdan Kolar: The contribution of church institutions to the education of young people with difficulties in the early 20th century
The article offers an overview of the initiatives that appeared in Slovenian church institutions in the field of educational work with special groups of the young in the late 19th and early 20th century. For primary school aged children, who were excluded from the regular forms of education due to their criminal acts, there were no special institutions. Usually, they were treated as young adults and sent to the normal penitentiary institutions. The writer Fran Milčinski made a significant contribution toward a different treatment of these children and a change in the system. After a short overview of this work in Italy, there is a more extensive description of the institutions run by the Salesians in Rakovnik and Selo.
Key words: Church, Fran Milčinski, educational institutions, Salesians, Slovenia
Tatjana Hojan: The writing of the Slovenian pedagogical newspapers about strikes until 1918Abstract
The article describes what the pedagogical newspapers Učiteljski tovariš, Popotnik, Slovenski učitelj in Domače ognjišče had to say about strikes until 1918. First, articles about strikes in the then Slovenian regions are discussed and then those from abroad. Often, strikes were only threatened, but sometimes they were actually carried out. Editors of pedagogical newspapers often added their comments to the news items about strikes, comparing Slovenian conditions with those abroad.
Key words: strikes, teachers, students, parents
Lidija Rupel: Secondary school education of Slovenians in Trieste during the Austro- Hungarian period and the foundation of the Slovenian grammar school in 1945
In the second half of the 19th century, the Trieste Slovenians mostly enrolled at the state German classical gimnazija and, somewhat fewer, at the German secondary school dedicated to natural and technical sciences, while few Slovenian students attended the Italian municipal schools. At the end of the century and prior to World War One, the number of Slovenian students in both German institutions increased, particularly at the grammar school, which offered to the children of farmers and workers better possibilities for climbing the social ladder. At the same time the Slovenian bourgeoisie began to be politically and socially established and saw in the grammar school an important educational path to the achievement of their goals. With the increase in the number of Slovenian students, the position of the Slovenian language within the two schools also improved. Just before the end of World War One it seemed that the Trieste Slovenians would acquire their own gimnazija, but this did not happen due to the city’s occupation by the Italian army. Thus, the Slovenian gimnazija in Trieste was first founded by the Allied Military Administration in 1945.
Key words: Trieste, Italian schools, German Gimnasium, German Realschule, course in Slovenian
Helena Jaklitsch: Mentality is more important in the quality of education than the conditions; Slovenian schools in the refugee camps in Italy and Austria after World War Two
After World War Two, some Slovenians found themselves in refugee camps in Austria and Italy. In spite of the general deprivation, camps managed to establish schools that reached an enviable level. Primary and secondary technical schools were founded, as well as a refugee grammar school. An interdisciplinary approach was encouraged and the development of the individual’s sense of social responsibility. Irrespective of the exceptionally bad conditions, the teachers demanded a high degree of knowledge from the pupils and students. There was a great emphasis on the connection between formal and informal education. Their influence on the re-establishment and revitalisation of Slovenian schools across the borders was significant.
Key words: Slovenians, educational system, refugee camps after the war, Austria, Italy
Nevenka Hacin: The influence of the altered role of the economy in the Zasavje region on post-primary education during the post-war period in Yugoslavia
The article presents the development of the socially organised education of children after primary school in the Zasavje region in the post-war Yugoslavia. By showing the activities of three schools, characteristic of this mining region under socialism, the article defines the changes in the economy and the organisation of companies that led, in addition to the existing vocational schools inherited from the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, which were changing in line with the social needs and legislation changes, to the founding of new schools, both technical and so called “industrial” schools.
Key words: Zasavje, socialist economy, industrial school, vocational education,career-oriented education
Lucija Čok, Salvator Žitko: From the Renaissance Academies to the University of Primorska
The authors of this paper give us a cross section of school institutions and their development in Koper and Slovene Istria from academies of 16 century to the present times. The historical view represents the actions of the intellectuals and the wider society to justify the formation of higher education in this area. The dynamics in the second half of the 20th century created by stakeholders, from businessmen and politicians to the civil society, accelerated further developments. On the basis of documents needed the National Assembly of Slovenia adopted a Decree on the establishment of the University of Primorska on 29 of January 2003.
Key words: Renaissance Academies, trilingual Teachers' College, Higher Education, University of Primorska
Monika Govekar-Okoliš: Educational role and activities of the Slovenian School Museum – Views, experiences and suggestions of university students concerning school lessons from the past in the study years from 2014 to 2018
The educational role and activities of museums have a great and unique significance. Museums are open to the public, community, and in particular to individuals, to their needs and interests. They implement new activities in relation to education, not only through exhibitions and lectures, but also through museum simulated school lessons from the past and other activities. The article uses the Slovenian School Museum as an example, and describes the educational activities it offers. The purpose of this study is to determine the views, experiences and suggestions of university students concerning school lessons from the past they had chosen and visited. Diverse museum lessons were evaluated with a questionnaire for university students visiting from four different Faculties at the University of Ljubljana in study years from 2014 to 2018. The survey showed that museum school lessons are effective educational activities since they enable students to be actively involved and to experience the past. The findings are important for improving the quality of museum education in the future.
This article describes educational role and activities in the Slovenian School Museum, especially school lessons from the past. The purpose of this study is to determine the views, experiences and suggestions of university students concerning the school lessons from the past they had attended. The results showed that students from different faculties at the University of Ljubljana were able to enhance their knowledge of the history of teaching and schooling by attending school lessons from the past in the museum in years 2014/15 - 2017/18. More specifically, the survey showed that the lessons were effective educational activities since they enabled the students to be actively involved and experience the past. They thus much better understood the importance of earlier forms of discipline and punishment in school, and the related role of the teacher, which they liked, because they were able to familiarise themselves with old school methods and experience them. Most of the students state that they would like to attend other school lessons with the intention of gaining more interesting historical experiences and knowledge. They also suggested other school lessons from Slovenian history. The findings of this work are valuable for supporting efforts to improve the quality of education for visitors and museum education in general in the future.
Key words: educational activities, Slovenian School Museum, university students, school lessons from the past, views, experiences and suggestions of visitors
Vilma Brodnik: Children's testimonies about war in history lessons
The article presents the didactic value of primary sources – testimonies – in the treatment of the theme of the characteristics of the occupation of Slovenia during World War Two, using the example of the Nazi racial policies and the events after the war ended. The chosen testimonies, which are used as a study example in history lessons, include the life stories of an exiled child, two stolen children, two children who were victims of the Holocaust, and a child in the Petriček children’s camp whose parents were killed at the end of the war. The children wrote their testimonies of the cruelties of war as adults. The aim of this kind of teaching is to promote in pupils compassion and respect for the victims of the violence of war, and to warn them that we should promptly react to and prevent any violation of human rights. Pupils also get used to working with primary sources which are used as historical sources, together with other preserved historical sources for this theme.
Key words: history lessons, first-hand sources, genocide, Holocaust, human rights
School Chronicle – Journal of the History of Schooling and Education. Bulletin of the Slovenian
School Museum. Ljubljana (Slovenia) is a Slovenian scientific and professional publication
concerned with schooling, pedagogy and education. Since 1992 it has been independently
issued by the Slovenian School Museum in Ljubljana. The Miscellany has developed from a joint
publication of the school-pedagogical museums in Ljubljana, Zagreb in Belgrade, which began
to be published in 1964 under the title of A Miscellany of the History of Schooling and Education.